- 更新時間:2020/08/26 15:15:35
Article 1 of the Indigenous Languages Development Act states that “indigenous languages are national languages,” and Article 2 Paragraph 2 of the same act defines “indigenous scripts” as “writing systems used to record indigenous languages.” As a demonstration of the government’s commitment to enforcing the act, the Council of Indigenous Peoples (CIP) published the O Pitiri'an to Heci^ no Nitayalan no Yin-cu-min-cu: 2016–2020 (“A Review of Policy Outcomes by the Council of Indigenous Peoples: 2016–2020”), the first policy performance report with both a Chinese title and one written in the Amis language. The report was assigned an International Standard Book Number (ISBN) and passed the Cataloging in Publication (CIP) application review. The National Central Library has included the report as part of its permanent collection, marking a new page in the history of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan. The report details 20 major CIP policy initiatives between May 20, 2016 and May 20, 2020, as well as their outcomes.
In Mr. Icyang Parod’s four years as the CIP Minister, his team has not only continued to carry out routine tasks serving the indigenous peoples, but has also completed many challenging projects that had been delayed or put aside for a number of years. Major policy outcomes in the report can be classified into the following 6 categories:
1. Indigenous languages revitalization: The Indigenous Languages Development Act Promulgated on June 14, 2017 defines indigenous languages as national languages. The CIP has established a number of indigenous language promotion organizations that train professional language teachers and offer mentorship programs in order to preserve critically endangered languages.
2. Establishment of indigenous culture and healthcare stations: The number of culture and healthcare stations increased from 121 in 2016 to 413 in 2020, while caregivers’ pay has been raised from NT$ 15,000 to NT$ 33,000. Improvements have also been made to the facilities and their surroundings to give indigenous elders a safer and more comfortable gathering space.
3. Compensation for indigenous communities affected by the logging ban: The Logging Ban Compensation for Lands Reserved for Indigenous Peoples Act promulgated on July 1, 2016 was amended in December 2019 to include national parks, reserves, and water resource areas as targets of compensation, resulting in an additional 62,500 hectares of land being made eligible for compensation. This amendment benefited approximately 40,000 indigenous people and was a realization of the spirit of reparations set forth in the Indigenous Peoples Basic Law.
4. Development of indigenous communities in urban areas: To provide housing for indigenous people living in urban areas, the CIP worked with local governments to develop four social housing projects. In addition, the CIP invested NT$ 170 million of its Forward-looking Infrastructure Development Program budget with local governments to co-develop eight urban indigenous communities with a rich cultural heritage and a safe living environment, including Taoyuan’s Kanjin community and Taichung’s Tzechiang New Village.
5. Land justice: Article 37 of the Slopeland Conservation and Utilization Act was amended on January 9, 2019 to remove the five-year waiting period to establish land ownership in indigenous reserves. An estimated 30,000 indigenous people benefited from the amendment, which was considered a breakthrough in the realization of land justice.
6. Investigation of and compensation in the Lanyu Nuclear Waste Storage Site dispute: The investigative report published in June 2018 revealed that the Tao people (then known as the Yami people) had not been made aware of the existence of a nuclear waste site even after its completion. Therefore, the government issued NT$ 2.55 billion payable to the local reserve as compensation. In addition, the government will pay NT$ 220 million every three years in rent for the land occupied by the site.
Mr. Icyang said, “The CIP owes its accomplishments in the past four years to the support of central government agencies and the assistance of local governments. I am especially grateful to the Executive Yuan and the legislature for increasing our budget from NT$ 8.714 billion in 2016 to NT$ 11.339 billion in 2020, despite increasing financial hardship. I hope these policy outcomes serve as a token of the nation’s determination in and dedication to safeguarding the rights of the indigenous peoples.”
Apart from these six major categories, the report also details other policy outcomes achieved by the CIP in the past four years, including the establishment of a radio station for the indigenous peoples (Alian FM 96.3), planning and preparations for the opening of the National Museum of the Indigenous Peoples, the reactivation of the Austronesian Forum, promotion of traditional handicrafts, and the decriminalization of traditional ways of hunting, fishing, and gathering. In total, the report includes 20 policy outcomes that serve to give indigenous peoples and the general public an overview of the CIP’s efforts.
Under President Tsai Ing-wen and Prime Minister Su Tseng-chang’s lead, the CIP will continue to stand with the indigenous peoples to achieve greater policy outcomes and provide a better living environment in the next four years.
An electronic version of the report can be downloaded here or from the CIP website (http://www.apc.gov.tw). Please direct any inquiries to CIP agent Mr. Pan at 02-8995-3336.